• Journal of Internet Computing and Services
    ISSN 2287 - 1136(Online) / ISSN 1598 - 0170 (Print)
    http://jics.or.kr/

Analysis of Building Characteristics and Temporal Changes of Fire Alarms


Gwanmuk Lim, Seoltae Ko, Yoosin Kim, Keon Chul Park, Journal of Internet Computing and Services, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 83-98, Aug. 2021
10.7472/jksii.2021.22.4.83, Full Text:
Keywords: Fire-fighting Facility Management System, Automatic Fire Detection Facility, Fire Alarm, Fire Detector, Real-time Sensing Analysis

Abstract

The purpose of this study to find the factors influencing the fire alarms using IoT firefighting facility management system data of Seoul Fire & Disaster Headquarters, and to present academic implications for establishing an effective prevention system of fire situation. As the number of high and complex buildings increases and former bulidings are advanced, the fire detection facilities that can quickly respond to emergency situations are also increasing. However, if the accuracy of the fire situation is incorrectly detected and the accuracy is lowered, the inconvenience of the residents increases and the reliability decreases. Therefore, it is necessary to improve accuracy of the system through efficient inspection and the internal environment investigation of buildings. The purpose of this study is to find out that false detection may occur due to building characteristics such as usage or time, and to aim of emphasizing the need for efficient system inspection and controlling the internal environment. As a result, it is found that the size(total area) of the building had the greatest effect on the fire alarms, and the fire alarms increased as private buildings, R-type receivers, and a large number of failure or shutoff days. In addition, factors that influencing fire alarms were different depending on the main usage of the building. In terms of time, it was found to follow people's daily patterns during weekdays(9 am to 6 pm), and each peaked around 10 am and 2 pm. This study was claimed that it is necessary to investigate the building environment that caused the fire alarms, along with the system internal inspection. Also, it propose additional recording of building environment data in real-time for follow-up research and system enhancement.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Gwanmuk Lim, Seoltae Ko, Yoosin Kim, & Keon Chul Park (2021). Analysis of Building Characteristics and Temporal Changes of Fire Alarms. Journal of Internet Computing and Services, 22(4), 83-98. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2021.22.4.83.

[IEEE Style]
G. Lim, S. Ko, Y. Kim and K. C. Park, "Analysis of Building Characteristics and Temporal Changes of Fire Alarms," Journal of Internet Computing and Services, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 83-98, 2021. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2021.22.4.83.

[ACM Style]
Gwanmuk Lim, Seoltae Ko, Yoosin Kim, and Keon Chul Park. 2021. Analysis of Building Characteristics and Temporal Changes of Fire Alarms. Journal of Internet Computing and Services, 22, 4, (2021), 83-98. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2021.22.4.83.