• Journal of Internet Computing and Services
    ISSN 2287 - 1136(Online) / ISSN 1598 - 0170 (Print)
    http://jics.or.kr/

A study of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Speaker's Development Process in Terms of Social Constructivism: Focused on the Products and Periodic Co-revolution Process


Hyeon-ju Cha, Sang-hee Kweon, Journal of Internet Computing and Services, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 109-135, Feb. 2021
10.7472/jksii.2021.22.1.109, Full Text:
Keywords: AI, AI Speaker, topic frame, Resonance, news data

Abstract

his study classified the development process of artificial intelligence (AI) speakers through analysis of the news text of artificial intelligence (AI) speakers shown in traditional news reports, and identified the characteristics of each product by period. The theoretical background used in the analysis are news frames and topic frames. As analysis methods, topic modeling and semantic network analysis using the LDA method were used. The research method was a content analysis method. From 2014 to 2019, 2710 news related to AI speakers were first collected, and secondly, topic frames were analyzed using Nodexl algorithm. The result of this study is that, first, the trend of topic frames by AI speaker provider type was different according to the characteristics of the four operators (communication service provider, online platform, OS provider, and IT device manufacturer). Specifically, online platform operators (Google, Naver, Amazon, Kakao) appeared as a frame that uses AI speakers as'search or input devices'. On the other hand, telecommunications operators (SKT, KT) showed prominent frames for IPTV, which is the parent company's flagship business, and'auxiliary device' of the telecommunication business. Furthermore, the frame of “personalization of products and voice service” was remarkable for OS operators (MS, Apple), and the frame for IT device manufacturers (Samsung) was “Internet of Things (IoT) Integrated Intelligence System”. The econd, result id that the trend of the topic frame by AI speaker development perio (by year) showed a tendency to develop around AI technology in the first phase (2014-2016), and in the second phase (2017-2018), the social relationship between AI technology and users It was related to interaction, and in the third phase (2019), there was a trend of shifting from AI technology-centered to user-centered. As a result of QAP analysis, it was found that news frames by business operator and development period in AI speaker development are socially constituted by determinants of media discourse. The implication of this study was that the evolution of AI speakers was found by the characteristics of the parent company and the process of co-evolution due to interactions between users by business operator and development period. The implications of this study are that the results of this study are important indicators for predicting the future prospects of AI speakers and presenting directions accordingly.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Hyeon-ju Cha and Sang-hee Kweon (2021). A study of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Speaker's Development Process in Terms of Social Constructivism: Focused on the Products and Periodic Co-revolution Process. Journal of Internet Computing and Services, 22(1), 109-135. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2021.22.1.109.

[IEEE Style]
H. Cha and S. Kweon, "A study of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Speaker's Development Process in Terms of Social Constructivism: Focused on the Products and Periodic Co-revolution Process," Journal of Internet Computing and Services, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 109-135, 2021. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2021.22.1.109.

[ACM Style]
Hyeon-ju Cha and Sang-hee Kweon. 2021. A study of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Speaker's Development Process in Terms of Social Constructivism: Focused on the Products and Periodic Co-revolution Process. Journal of Internet Computing and Services, 22, 1, (2021), 109-135. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2021.22.1.109.