• Journal of Internet Computing and Services
    ISSN 2287 - 1136(Online) / ISSN 1598 - 0170 (Print)
    http://jics.or.kr/

Adaptive RFID anti-collision scheme using collision information and m-bit identification


Je-Yul Lee, Jongmin Shin, Dongmin Yang, Journal of Internet Computing and Services, Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 1-10, Oct. 2013
10.7472/jksii.2013.14.5.01, Full Text:
Keywords: RFID, Anti-collision, M-ary Query Tree Protocol

Abstract

RFID(Radio Frequency Identification) system is non-contact identification technology. A basic RFID system consists of a reader, and a set of tags. RFID tags can be divided into active and passive tags. Active tags with power source allows their own operation execution and passive tags are small and low-cost. So passive tags are more suitable for distribution industry than active tags. A reader processes the information receiving from tags. RFID system achieves a fast identification of multiple tags using radio frequency. RFID systems has been applied into a variety of fields such as distribution, logistics, transportation, inventory management, access control, finance and etc. To encourage the introduction of RFID systems, several problems (price, size, power consumption, security) should be resolved. In this paper, we proposed an algorithm to significantly alleviate the collision problem caused by simultaneous responses of multiple tags. In the RFID systems, in anti-collision schemes, there are three methods: probabilistic, deterministic, and hybrid. In this paper, we introduce ALOHA-based protocol as a probabilistic method, and Tree-based protocol as a deterministic one. In Aloha-based protocols, time is divided into multiple slots. Tags randomly select their own IDs and transmit it. But Aloha-based protocol cannot guarantee that all tags are identified because they are probabilistic methods. In contrast, Tree-based protocols guarantee that a reader identifies all tags within the transmission range of the reader. In Tree-based protocols, a reader sends a query, and tags respond it with their own IDs. When a reader sends a query and two or more tags respond, a collision occurs. Then the reader makes and sends a new query. Frequent collisions make the identification performance degrade. Therefore, to identify tags quickly, it is necessary to reduce collisions efficiently. Each RFID tag has an ID of 96bit EPC(Electronic Product Code). The tags in a company or manufacturer have similar tag IDs with the same prefix. Unnecessary collisions occur while identifying multiple tags using Query Tree protocol. It results in growth of query-responses and idle time, which the identification time significantly increases. To solve this problem, Collision Tree protocol and M-ary Query Tree protocol have been proposed. However, in Collision Tree protocol and Query Tree protocol, only one bit is identified during one query-response. And, when similar tag IDs exist, M-ary Query Tree Protocol generates unnecessary query-responses. In this paper, we propose Adaptive M-ary Query Tree protocol that improves the identification performance using m-bit recognition, collision information of tag IDs, and prediction technique. We compare our proposed scheme with other Tree-based protocols under the same conditions. We show that our proposed scheme outperforms others in terms of identification time and identification efficiency.


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Cite this article
[APA Style]
Je-Yul Lee, Jongmin Shin, & Dongmin Yang (2013). Adaptive RFID anti-collision scheme using collision information and m-bit identification. Journal of Internet Computing and Services, 14(5), 1-10. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2013.14.5.01.

[IEEE Style]
J. Lee, J. Shin and D. Yang, "Adaptive RFID anti-collision scheme using collision information and m-bit identification," Journal of Internet Computing and Services, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1-10, 2013. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2013.14.5.01.

[ACM Style]
Je-Yul Lee, Jongmin Shin, and Dongmin Yang. 2013. Adaptive RFID anti-collision scheme using collision information and m-bit identification. Journal of Internet Computing and Services, 14, 5, (2013), 1-10. DOI: 10.7472/jksii.2013.14.5.01.